Case sensitivity in Sql Server depends on the collation applicable to the column, which of course is often the same as the database default collation. Unlike Oracle, Sql Server out of the box is case-insensitive (at least in English-speaking Western countries).
This means that you don’t need to consider whether data is upper- or lower-case when you’re searching for it, which tends to make an application more robust. You probably won’t want to change that. On the other hand, if your database stores codes or descriptions used as query filters (not including proper nouns like personal names where the capitalisation is part of the data) there may be an advantage to standardising on upper or lower case. You’ve reduced the need to take account of upper/lower case in client code, where string comparisons may be case-sensitive.
Is there an easy way? Yes. Continue reading Enforcing Upper/Lower Case in a Sql Server Column